Cannabis Facts

What are the major compounds in cannabis? In prior weeks we’ve summarized the major cannabinoids in cannabis, the basics of temperature control with a vaporizer and how it all impacts your high.

Today we list out in a sortable table many of the known compounds in cannabis by type (cannabinoid, terpenoid, flavonoid, and generic label ‘toxin’), their known medical properties on the human body and their boiling points (minimum temperature to activate the compound).

For any weedist who wants to obtain a general understanding of what’s being released into their bodies when they use marijuana, this is a great primer table. In future articles, we’ll provide definitions of the medical properties from the table (i.e. analgesic) as well as deep dive on each major compound.

How to Read – Compounds in Cannabis, Properties and Boiling Points Table

  • The table is sorted by temperature in descending order. For example, if I consume cannabis below 224C, the table tells me I will not take in pulegone or quercetin since their boiling points require hire temperatures.
  • You can click on any column (i.e. Compound Type) and sort the table in ascending order. Click a second time to sort by that same column in descending order.
  • As a frame of reference, combustion begins at 230C or 446F. Combustion means the organic plant material is ignited as well as significant additional toxins are introduced into your body.
  • With temperatures above 200°C traceable amounts of benzene are found in the vapor mist. Benzene contributes to couch lock and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has concluded that there is sufficient evidence for carcinogenicity to humans. Although for all these alleged carcinogens in cannabis, still no proof has yet been found to link cannabis to lung cancer. Studies show no association between smoking cannabis and lung cancer.

 

Compound NameCompound TypeMedical PropertiesConcentration (% dry weight)Boiling Point (F)Boiling Point (C)
quercetinflavonoidAntioxidant
Antimutagenic
Antiviral
Antineoplastic
> 0.1%482250
Carbon monoxide & smoke tars (at point of combustion)toxinCarcinogen
Other nasties
?446230
pulegoneterpenoidMemory booster?
AChE inhibitor
Sedative
Antipyretic
0.001%435.2224
tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)cannabinoidAnalgesic
Euphoriant
0.0-1.36%428220
cannabichromene (CBC)cannabinoidAntiinflammatory
Antibiotic
Antifungal
0.0-0.65%428220
naphthalenetoxinPossible carcinogen
Light-headedness
Nausea
Sleepiness
Loss of appetite
Pale skin
?424.4218
α-terpineolterpenoidSedative
Antibiotic
AChE inhibitor
Antioxidant
Antimalarial
0.02%422.6-424.4217-218
borneolterpenoidAntibiotic0.008%410210
terpineol-4-olterpenoidAChE inhibitor
Antibiotic
0.0004%408.2209
benzenetoxinCarcinogen?392200
linaloolterpenoidSedative
Antidepressant
Anxiolytic
Immune potentiator
0.002%388.4198
cannabinol (CBN)cannabinoidOxidation breakdown product
Sedative
Antibiotic
0.0-1.6%365185
cannflavin AflavonoidCOX inhibitor
LO inhibitor
0.02%359.6182
apigeninflavonoidAnxiolytic
Antiinflammatory
Estrogenic
> 0.1%352.4178
p-cymeneterpenoidAntibiotic
Anticandidal
AChE inhibitor
0.0004%350.6177
d-limoneneterpenoidCannabinoid agonist?
Immune potentiator
Antidepressant
Antimutagenic
0.14%350.6177
1,8-cineole (eucalyptol)terpenoidAChE inhibitor
Increases cerebral
blood flow
Stimulant
Antibiotic
Antiviral
Antiinflammatory
Antinociceptive
> 0.001%348.8176
Δ-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ-8-THC)cannabinoidResembles Δ-9-THC
Less psychoactive
More stable
Antiemetic
0.0-0.1%347-352.4175-178
Δ-3-careneterpenoidAntiinflammatory0.0004%334.4168
β-myrceneterpenoidAnalgesic
Antiinflammatory
Antibiotic
Antimutagenic
0.47%330.8-334.4166-168
cannabidiol (CBD)cannabinoidAnxiolytic
Analgesic
Antipsychotic
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant
Antispasmodic
0.1-2.89%320-356160-180
Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)cannabinoidEuphoriant
Analgesic
Antiinflammatory
Antioxidant
Antiemetic
0.1-25%314.6157
α-pineneterpenoidAntiinflammatory
Bronchodilator
Stimulant
Antibiotic
Antineoplastic
AChE inhibitor
0.04%312.8156
β-sitosterolflavonoidAntiinflammatory
5-α-reductase
inhibitor
?273.2134
β-caryophylleneterpenoidAntiinflammatory
Cytoprotective
(gastric mucosa)
Antimalarial
0.05%246.2119
toluenetoxinMuch less toxic than benzene
Light-headedness
Nausea
Sleepiness
Loss of appetite
?231.1110.6
cannabigerol (CBG)cannabinoidAntiinflammatory
Antibiotic
Antifungal
0.03-1.15%125.6052

Caveats to Compounds in Cannabis Table:

  1. Each strain and batch of marijuana can have differing levels of compounds, if some are present at all. This table helps give a general sense of the potential additional compounds released into your body as you increase the temperature.
  2. The source materials were published in 2001. However it remains the most comprehensive information I could find.  Some material is dated, i.e. it says an upper range of 2.89% for CBD but given its medical value strains are bred today with much higher levels such as Cannatonic at 7% CBD. Also, science continues to discover new compounds in cannabis and medical properties and this source information is at least 11 years old.

Source Articles:

  1. Cannabis and Cannabis Extracts: Greater Than the Sum of Their Parts? [2001, John M. McPartland Ethan B. Russo]
  2. NORML -MAPS Study Shows Vaporizers Reduce Toxins in Marijuana Smoke [2001,  California NORML and MAPS (Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies)]

Tailoring Your High Series:

  1. Tailoring Your High: Intro to Temperature Control With a Vaporizer
  2. Tailoring Your High: Compounds in Cannabis, Properties and Boiling Points [this post]
  3. Tailoring Your High: Medical Properties of Cannabis Defined
1 comments
debby hagee
debby hagee

Have great day/nite!Lots of Luv,Hugs & Kisses coming ur way!:)xoxoxo:)

Sweet Dreams,Good Nite,Sleep Tight,Don`t let the bedbugs bite!LuvYa!:)xoxoxo:)